Why do people fail CAE?
I have been teaching students CAE exam preparation lessons for the last few years. I am therefore able to locate problem areas and create strategies to help students pass the CAE. In this article I discuss the most common reasons why people fail the Cambridge Advanced English (CAE) exam. Hopefully this will be useful as it will advise you where to pay particular attention and be more careful. I first look at how people fail the CAE through failing to prepare properly in advance of the exam. I then look at some of the exam sections which people find especially difficult and give strategy and tips to help with these.
I use a variety of coursebooks and other materials in my lessons. I think that the best coursebooks you can get to prepare for the CAE are those which mainly comprise exam exercises. The more you can practise exam exercises, the better prepared you will be. The main coursebook I use is 'Ready for Advanced' by French and Norris. When practising with a CAE coursebook you should remember that these are not made for already Advanced level students. Rather, they guide and help you to reach an advanced level. Therefore you should also be aware that the exercises in the exam will usually be more difficult than those in coursebooks. At least, in the first few units of coursebooks anyway.
For this reason, I advise to not just buy and practise for the CAE exam with a coursebook. You should also buy and use a practice test book.
Most people who do this exam will be nervous. It is natural to be nervous before any exam, but I think certain exams make people more nervous than others. The Cambridge exams I have noticed make students particularly nervous. Perhaps it is the pressure of taking the exam in another language. Perhaps it is the fact that the exam costs quite a lot of money. It could be because passing the exam means you can get into university, get a better job or some other really important reason.
Unfortunately, you never really know how nervous you will be on the exam day. You might be absolutely fine, or you might be shaking in your boots. I cannot perform a magic trick to make you feel fine on the exam day. Despite some of my students' requests, I also cannot do the exam for you ;). What I can do, is give you advice (and if you join lessons with me, prepare you) for the exam so that you are more confident and therefore more able to cope with the pressure, stress and nerves.
The most important recommendations are:
Practise every part of the exam beforehand. Stick to the time limits for each section when practising.
The following points may sound silly, but they make a difference:
If practising at home, wear the clothes you might wear in the exam.
Practise in a room similar to the one in the exam, preferably with a table and chairs.
Tell the person/people you're practising with to act like examiners, cut you off if you are speaking for too long etc.
Try as much as you can to put yourself in the same situation and frame of mind that you will have in the exam.
As mentioned above, practice with at least one coursebook and one practice test book. Again, the more resources you have the better prepared you will be.
Read the exam tips and technique pages I have written for the following sections of the exam:
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One part of the exam is worse than the others
Often students will struggle with one section of the exam more than others. When preparing for the CAE exam, try to locate your weakest areas. Pay particular attention to these areas when preparing by yourself. If you want to seek professional help, I offer tailored one-one lessons which can focus on any particular part of the exam you want. In my experience students find the 'Use of English' section of the exam very difficult.
I offer tailored tips and techniques to help you with the 'Use of English' and other parts of the exam on these pages:
The 'Use of English' section tests your knowledge of how the English language works. This page will be useful for this. It also tests your knowledge of expressions, collocations etc. A good way to prepare for this is to make reading various written materials a part of your everyday routine. Read novels, newspapers, news websites etc.
Make your own resources and set yourself tasks:
While it is better to use official materials when preparing for the exam. If you are short of money or you cannot find any new exam related exercises, you can create your own. Here are some example exercises you can make for yourself.
Use of English task:
Take one paragraph from what you are reading. Try to identify each type of word in the paragraph. Then look at the structure of each sentence. What is the word order? Try to find or create another sentence which follows the same structure and word order.
Find a long blog/article on a website. Copy the blog article from the website to a word document. Don't read it properly. Remove 6 paragraphs. Find another blog article (preferably about a related topic) and copy one paragraph. Add this paragraph to the other 6 paragraphs. Give all the paragraphs a letter (a-g) in a random order. Look back at the article and try to replace the paragraphs back into the text.
This is another main reason why people fail the exam. They do not complete all of the tasks, or they get stuck for too long on one exercise.
Practise with time restraints. Every time you do an exam exercise you should time how long it takes you. After a few practices, you should have a good idea how long it takes you to complete each task. Work out how long you have in the exam for each task. The 'Reading and Use of English' paper is 90 minutes. You might realise it takes you 60 minutes to do the reading tasks and 45 minutes to do the Use of English tasks. In this situation, I would look at which individual parts of the exam I complete the quickest. Also look at how many marks are awarded for each part of an exam section. Take into consideration how many marks are awarded for each part and which parts you find easiest. Then decide which parts to complete first in the exam.
These are how the many marks you get for each part of the 'Use of English' section:
Part 1 – 8 marks
Part 2 – 8 marks
Part 3 – 8 marks
Part 4 – 12 marks
These are how many marks you get for each part of the 'Reading' section:
Part 5 – 12 marks
Part 6 – 8 marks
Part 7 – 12 marks
Part 8 – 10 marks
No proper strategy/technique
A lot of people go into the exam without having a strategy or technique for how to complete each part of the exam. Strategy is very important with these exams....do not underestimate it's importance.
You can make your own strategies for tackling each part of the exam. Maybe a strategy that works for one person might not work for another. If you do create your own strategy make sure you test it a lot before doing the exam. Make sure the strategy you use does not take you so long that you cannot complete the task in an appropriate amount of time. The more you practise a task using a technique, the quicker you will become.
You can find a lot of advice in CAE coursebooks for how to complete the exam tasks. You can collate this information and use it to create your own strategy.
I also offer my recommended techniques and tips, which you can read for the following exam sections: